Not all the videos are there yet, but they are starting to show up . Yay. See http://mirror.internode.on.net/pub/linux.conf.au/2010/index.html or your local LA mirror.
Tridge on ‘Patent defence for open source projects’. Watch it! Some key elements:
- prior art defence is very very hard – ‘non infringement’ is a much better defense because you only need to show you don’t do the independent claims.
- Reading a patent doesn’t really harm us because triple damages is no less fatal than single damages :) Reading patents to avoid them is a good idea.
- Dealing with patents is very technical. It needs training (and the talk has that training)
- Patents are hard to read.
- Claims are often interpreted much more specifically than engineers expect.
- Best prior art is our own source code, with VCS date records and the exact date often matters because of the riority date.
- Invalidation: dead patents are vampires… and when they come back they are harder to kill again. Read the file wrapper – audit log containing all correspondence <-> patent office and applicant.
- Patents are not code: judges can vary the meaning.
- Claim charts are what you use to talk to patent lawyers.
- Build workarounds *and publish them*. Encourage others to adopt them.
Nathan Torkington on 3 lightning keynotes:
1) Lessons learnt!
‘Technology solves problems’… no it doesn’t, its all about the meatsacks!
‘If you live a good life you’ll never have to care about marketing’… steer the meatsacks
‘English is an imperative language for controlling meatsacks.’… Tell the smart meatsacks what you want (english is declarative).
2) Open source in New Zealand:
A bit of a satire :) ‘Sheep calculator’, tatoos as circuit diagrams. The reserve bank apparently has a *working* water-economy-simulator. Shades of Terry Pratchett!
3) Predictions – more satire about folk that make predictions – financial analysts, science journalists.
After that, it was lightning talk time. I’ve just grabbed some highlights.
Selena Deckelmann talked about going to Ondo in Nigeria and un-rigging an election:
- Run for political office.
- Lose – but polls had suggested the reverse result
- Don’t give up – protest file May 14 2007
- Use technology – fingerprint scanning – 84814 duplicate fingerprints, 360 exactly the same fingerprints
- Patience – 2 years and the courts reversed the election
http://flossmanuals.net – nice friendly manuals in many languages writen at book sprints.
Kate Olliver presented on making an origami penguin.
Mark Osbourne presented ‘Open Source School’ – a school in New Zealand that has gone completely open source, even though the NZ school system pays microsoft 10Million/year for a country wide license.
Jeremy Allison on ‘The elephant in the room – free software and microsoft’. While he works at Google, this talk was ‘off the leash’ – not about Google :). As usual – grab the video :) We should care about Microsoft because Microsoft’s business model depends on a monopoly [the desktop]. Microsoft are very interested in ‘Open Source’ – Apache, MIT, BSD licenced software – the GPL is intolerable. Jeremy models Microsoft as a collection of warring tribes that hate each other… e.g. Word vs Excel.
The first attack was on protocols – make the protocols more complex and sophisticated. MS have done this on Kerberos, DCE/RPC, HTTP, and higher up the stack via MSIE rendering modes, ActiveX plugins, Silverlight… The EU case was brought about this in the ‘Workgroup Server Market’. MS were fined 1 Billion Euros and forced to document their proprietary protocols.
OOXML showed up rampant corruption in the ISO Standards process – but it got through even though it was a battle against nearly everyone! On the good side it resulted into an investigation into MS dominance in file formats -> MS implemented ODF and MS have had to document their old formats.
MS have an ongoing battle in the world wide web – IE / Firefox, ajax applications/ silverlight.
All of these things are long term failures for MS… so what next?… Patents :(. Patents are GPL incompatible, but fine with BSD/MIT. The Tom Tom is the first direct attack using MS’s patent portfolio. This undermines all the outreach work done by the MS Open Source team – which Jeremy tells us are true believers in open source, trying to change MS from the inside. Look for MS pushing RAND patented standards: such things lock us out.
Netbooks are identified as a key point for MS to fight on – lose that and the desktop position is massively weakened.
- Keep creating free software and content *under a copyleft license*.
- Keep pressure on Governments and organisations to adopt open standards and investigate monopolies.
- Lobby against software patents.
- Search for prior art on relevant patents and destroy them.
- Working for a corporation is a moral choice: respectfully call out MS employees.
Jonathan Oxer spoke about the google Moon X-prize and the lunarnumbat.org project – it needs contributors: software and hardware hackers, arduino/beagleboard/[M]JPEG2000 geeks, code testers and reviewers, web coding, documentation, math heads & RF hackers. Sounds like fun… now to find time!
Paul McKenney did another RCU talk – and as always it was interesting… Optimisation Gone Bad (RCU in Linux 1993-2008). Linux 2.6 -rt patch made RCU much much much more complex with atomic operations, memory barriers, frequent cache misses, and since then it was slowly being whittled back, but there is now a new simpler RCU based around the concept of doing the accounting during context switches & tracking running tasks.
Glyn Moody – Hackers at the end of the world. Rebel code is now 10 years old… 50+ interviews over a year – and could be considered an archaeology now :) I probably haven’t down the keynote justice – it was excellent but high density – you should watch it online ;)
Glyn talks about open access – various examples like the public library of science (and how the scientific magazine business made 30%-40% profit margins. The Human Genome Project & the ‘Bermuda Principles’: public submimssion of annotated sequences. In 2000 Celera were going to patent the entire human genome. Jim Kent spent 3 weeks writing a program to join together the sequenced fragments on a 100 PC 800Mhz Pentium processor. This was put into the public domain on just before Celera completed their processing – and by that action Celera were prevented from patenting *us*.
Openness as a concept is increasing within the scientific community – open access to result, open data, open science (the full process). An interesting aspect to it is ‘open notebook science’ – daily writeups, not peer reviewed: ‘release early, release often’ for science.
Glyn ties together the scientific culture (all science is open to some degree) and artistic culture (artists share and build on /reference each others work) by talking about a lag between free software and free content worlds. In 1999 Larry Lessig setup ‘Copyright’s Commons’ built around an idea of ‘counter-copyright’ – copyleft for non-code. This didn’t really fly, and Creative Commons was setup 2 years later.
Wikipedia and newer sharing concepts like twitter/facebook etc are discussed. But… what about the real world: transparency and governments, or companies? They are opening up.
However, data release != control release. And there are challenges we all need to face:
- GFinancialC “my gain is your loss”. Very opaque system.
- GEnvironmentalC “my gain is our loss”
Glyn argues we need a different approach to economic governance: the commons. 2009 Nobel laureate for Economic Sciences – Elinor Ostrom – work on commons and their management via user associations… which is what we do in open source!
Pandora-build. There for support – I’ve contributed patches. Pandora is a set of additional glue and layers to improve autotools and make it easier to work with things like gettext and gnulib, turn on better build flags and so forth. If you’re using autotools its well worth watching this talk – or hop on #drizzle and chat to mtaylor :)
The open source database survey talk from Selena was really interesting – a useful way of categorising databases and a list of what db’s turned up in what category. E.g. high availability,community development model etc. Key takeaway: there is no one-true-db.
I gave my subunit talk in the early afternoon, reasonably well received I think, though I wish I had been less sick last week: I would have loved to have made the talk more polished.
Ceph seems to be coming along gangbusters. Really think it would be great to use for our bzr hosting backend. 0.19 will stablise the disk format! However we might not be willing to risk btrfs yet :(
Next up, the worst inventions ever.. catch it live if you can!
Another must-grab-the-video talk : Mako‘s keynote. Antifeatures, principles vs pragmatism do come together. The principled side – RMS & the FSF – important to control ones technology because its important to control ones life. The pragmatic side – quality, no vendor lock etc. False dichotomy.. freedom imparts pragmatic benefits even though it doesn’t intrinsically import quality, good design: 95% of projects 5 contributors; median number of contributors 1, and such small collaborations are no different than a closed source one.
Definition of antifeatures – built functionality to make a product do something one does not want it to do. Great example of phone books: spammers pay for access to the lists, and thus we have to pay *not to be listed*, but its actually harder to list and print our numbers in the first place. Mako makes a lovely analogy to the mafia there. Similarly with Sony charging 50 dollars not to install trialware on windows laptops in the past.
Cameras: Canon cameras disabled RAW saving…. CHDK, an open source addon for the camera outputs RAW again. Panasonic are locking down their cameras to reject third party batteries.
The tivo is an example of how focusing on licensing can miss the big picture: free stack, but still locked into a subscription to get an ongoing revenue stream.
Dongles! Mako claimed there wasn’t a facebook appreciation group for dongles… there is.
Github: paying for the billing model – lots of code there to figure out how many projects in a repo, so that they can charge on that basis.
DRM is the ‘mother of all antifeatures’ – 10K people writing DRM code that no users want!